George Hackenschmidt

George Hackenschmidt was a Baltic German strongman, wrestler, and strength pioneer from the early 20th century. He was known for his record-breaking strength feats, and for popularizing the hack squat and bench press.

George first gained attention in 1896, after doing a 214 lbs overhead press with one arm. From there, it was only onwards and upwards for George – he went on to win over 3000 wrestling matches, and become one of the strongest men of his era.

This is his story:


George Hackenschmidt in his youth, standing shirtless showcasing his strong and ripped muscles

Athlete Statistics

Full Name: George Hackenschmidt
WeightHeightYear of BirthNationality
215 - 225lbs (93.0 - 102.1kg)5'9" (175cm)1887Baltic German
ProfessionAliasEra
Strongman, Professional WrestlerThe Russian Lion1900, 1910
Weight215 - 225lbs (93.0 - 102.1kg)
Height5'9" (175cm)
Year of Birth1887
NationalityBaltic German
ProfessionStrongman, Professional Wrestler
AliasThe Russian Lion
Era1900, 1910


George Hackenschmidt posing shirtless in front of a crowd

Accomplishments

Awards and Achievements

  • Greco-Roman Wrestling
    • European Greco-Roman Heavyweight Championship (1 time)
  • Professional Wrestling
    • French Heavyweight Championship (1 time)
    • World Heavyweight Wrestling Championship (1 time)
  • George Tragos/Lou Thesz Professional Wrestling Hall of Fame
    • Class of 2003
  • Professional Wrestling Hall of Fame and Museum
    • Class of 2002
  • Wrestling Observer Newsletter
    • Wrestling Observer Newsletter Hall of Fame (class of 1996)
  • WWE
    • WWE Hall of Fame (Class of 2016)

George Hackenschmidt in two different pictures looking strong and muscular

Biography

George’s Life Growing Up

George Hackenscdhmit was born in 1877. He grew up in Livonia, a country that, at the time, was ruled by the Russian empire. He was raised by his parents Georg and Ida.

Although George would later become known for his strength, he said none of his family members were physically strong or muscular. The only exception was his grandfather, who was said to have been a physically powerful man.

Feats of Strength in School

Just like his grandfather, George Hackenschmidt was a naturally strong and well-built person. His natural strength became apparent when he started going to school. It was at this point that George began excelling in different sports, such as cycling, gymnastics, weightlifting, and swimming, just to name a few.

George’s feats of strength would often leave his teachers astounded. He was said to have been able to lift 200lbs overhead with just one hand. On one occasion, while he was still going to school, George was seen lifting a small horse off the ground.

Start of Weightlifting

George graduated from the school in 1895 and moved to the town of Reval (called Tallinn today) to work at a large engineering factory.

Even though his schooling days were behind him, George’s passion for sports was still very much alive. He went on to take up cycling, winning many contests along the way.

However, when the winter months came, George had to find another hobby. Ultimately, he chose weightlifting.


George Hackenschmidt flexing his huge and ripped triceps for the photo

An old picture of George Hackenschmidt.


Strength Feats

In 1896 at a local Club Festival, George’s strength began to attract attention from people.

The festival crowd was astounded with George’s incredible lifts, which included a 214 lbs one-arm shoulder press.

On top of this, George lifted these extreme weights with a nearly perfect form. He lifted the weight slowly from the ground using the strength of his biceps before pressing the weights up with his shoulders.

First Wrestling Match

Not long after the 1986 strength festival, George met a Greco-Roman strongman and wrestler Lurich.

Lurich toured the city with his small company, challenging anyone brave enough for a wrestling match. Only a few people stepped up to the challenge – one of them was George Hackenschmidt.

During the match, George quickly realized Lurich was an extremely challenging opponent. This was the first time George met someone who equaled his physical power and strength. Due to his lack of experience in wrestling, George ended up losing the match by a close margin.

Setting a World Record

The loss against Lurich didn’t sit well with George. He became frustrated because he believed that he was stronger than Lurich, but wasn’t able to show it on the day of the match. This sparked a more intense desire within George to excel in wrestling and strength.

It wasn’t long before George’s used his frustrations to his advantage; he trained hard day in and day out, and eventually, proved himself by setting a world record in July 1897, in an overhead press with 243 lbs.

George also wrote in his book; “With my hands crossed behind my back and my knees bent, I lifted a ball weighing 171 lbs.”

The ‘Birth’ of the Bench Press

Just six months after setting the world record, George improved his overhead press even further with 275 lbs. It was also during this time George did one of the first ever floor presses, an exercise which almost no one heard about back then.

Lying on the ground, George lifted and pushed himself up using two hands, while having a weight of 304 lbs on top of him. He improved his own record not long after, doing a 334lbs floor press.

The floor press would later become known as the wrestler’s bridge. This exercise heavily influenced the growth of the bench press. However, George didn’t realize the huge influence he was leaving on the lifting community at the time.


George Hackenschmidt posing shirtless in an old, picturesque black and white photo, showing off his strong muscles


Breaking New Records

In April 1898, George took part in one of the biggest events of his weightlifting career.

The Reval Athletic Club organized a lifting meet, where many of the top weightlifters from the area came to show off their strength. In the end, George proved to be the strongest of all of them  – he took 1st place that day.

His lifts were the following;

  • Jerk – 251lbs
  • Snatch – 256 lbs
  • One-Arm Press – 269 lbs

For the next six months after the event, George kept training hard with the help of the Athletic Club’s doctor. They worked together on improving George’s strength even further.

After six months of grueling workouts, George set a one-hand press world record at 122.25kg, breaking the previous record of 116kg set by none other than Eugen Sandow.

Inventing the Hack Squat

On January 27th, 1901, George reached yet another milestone in his career.

This time, he lifted 187 lbs of weight behind his back while having his knees bent; setting a new world record in the process. This exercise became known as the Hack Squat, and it’s used by weightlifters to this day.

Alongside his hack squat record, George also broke the iron cross record –  he held 89 lbs in his left hand and 90lbs in the right while having both arms fully extended.

Later Wrestling Career

Between 1901-1911, George achieved over 3,000 wrestling victories, and set many lifting records in the process.

With these feats, he left a lasting impact on the wrestling and weightlifting communities around the world.

Retirement and Later Life

In 1911, George’s years as a wrestler came to a close. From here on, he started writing books on strength and lifting weights. He became known for his informative lectures, as well as for helping people become stronger with his detailed advice.

He went on to publish five books on the physical culture and training. In one of the books, George even illustrated in detail all of the exercises he did in order to reach his level of strength. Among these were his trademark floor press and hack squat.

Death

George Hackenschmidt passed away in England, in 1968 at 90 years old. With his countless feats, he cemented his place as one of the most iconic strongmen and wrestling figures of all time.


George Hackenschmidt standing shirtless next to a tyre, looking strong and muscular

Training

George’s Style of Training

George Hackenschmidt trained two to six times per week, depending on his time schedule. His workouts lasted between 30-60 minutes.

He spent the majority of the time in the gym doing heavy compound exercises, which included floor press, squats, and more nuanced exercises such as dumbbell isolations.

“The exercises should not exceed one quarter of an hour at the commencement, and should only be increased by five minutes in a few months. Afterwards, about thirty minutes are fully sufficient to the acquisition and preservation of strength and endurance.” – George Hackenschmidt

George loved to vary his exercises in each workout, in order “to develop all muscles harmoniously”. He also enjoyed changing the way he did exercises; for example, he’d train a muscle from one angle, before changing his form to target the muscle from a completely different position. He believed that this was an effective way of targeting all the fibers and strings within the muscle.

Heavy Weights For Big Muscles

George always preferred heavy weights when looking to build muscle and strength. According to him, it’s necessary to force the body to go past ‘the comfort zone,’ and lift as heavy as possible.

“It is only by exercising with heavy weights that any man can hope to develop really great strength.”

When it comes to bodyweight exercises, George believed they had their role in training, but were inferior to heavy weights when it comes to building raw strength. He said;

“A man may secure and maintain a condition of fair physical fitness by means of exercising without weights… but he cannot hope to become really strong unless he exercises with weights.”

Ensuring Proper Rest

Just as he trained hard, George took equal measures in making sure his body recovered from his workouts. Although he loved to lift heavy, he never advocated pushing too far; believing this could do more harm than good.

George also ensured proper form, despite doing extremely heavy lifts. In fact, if his form wasn’t perfect, he’d lower the weight until he could lift it with a slow and controlled movement.

“Do not perform any exercise to excess, so as to tire yourself out. If you feel tired and exhausted, give yourself the necessary rest, and, as in everything else, use moderation and common sense. Remember that excessive and rapid exercising is harmful.”


George Hackenschmidt posing shirtless showing off his strong and well-built body

Nutrition

 Eating Raw Foods

George was a firm believer in eating raw foods, “just as the Mother Nature intended”. As he said, “man is born without frying-pan or stewpot”.

He proved that it’s possible to be strong while eating mainly a vegetarian, plant-based diet consisting of vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and nuts. George avoided meat and dairy because he believed it was hard to obtain these foods from healthy and grass-fed animals.

“I believe I am right in asserting that our Creator has provided food and nutriment for every being for its own advantage. The purest natural food for human beings would, therefore, be fresh, uncooked food and nuts.”

He also stayed away from anything that was processed, this included fried food, refined sugars, and heavily seasoned dishes. On the other hand, George didn’t shy away from natural sugars, such as dates, pears, and strawberries.

“Much has been said lately in praise of sugar as food, but as artificial sugar is an acid-forming substance, I should not recommend it. Natural sugar, such as is contained in dates, figs, and other fruit, is certainly preferable…”


George Hackenschmidt as a strongman and powerlifter, before and after

Idols and Influences

Thanks to his strength feats, and books, George has influenced generations of lifters from all over the world. The bench press and hack squat, lifts that he popularized, are staple exercises of many training programs to this day.


George Hackenschmidt standing shirtless and posing for a picture, looking muscular

What we can learn from George Hackenschmidt

George Hackenschmidt established himself as a strongman, powerlifter, and wrestler. Some of his feats included doing a 275 lbs overhead press with one hand, along with winning around 3000 wrestling matches and losing only two. He also wrote five books on training and physical culture later in his life.

What we can learn from an icon such as George Hackenschmidt is; it’s possible to transform your body with only a handful of exercises. As we’ve seen from George, heavy training with a couple of compound movements, such as the bench press and squats, can have a massive impact on your physique.

From his early years in gymnastics and cycling, to becoming the first wrestling champion in history and one of the strongest weightlifters. It all began with one simple thing for George – a passion for strength. He’s taught us that with as little as a bench and a couple of dumbbells, you too can transform your body into one of greatness.

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3 comments

  1. Ivri Tasker

    May 24, 2019 at 7:29 am

    I’m 73 years old now. For most of my life I have exercised in one way or another. I am now retired, but voluntarilly manage the gym in my kibbutz in Israel where I work out with weights most days.

    As a young boy growing up in post war Liverpool, UK, I became aware of George Hachenschmidt. My aunt Sybil would stand behind me and say “eat your chicken soup and you’ll grow up to be as strong as Hachenschmidt”. I didn’t know who Hachenschmidt was, but somehow I became imbued with the notion of body fitness, strength and muscle development.

    When I was aged 14, I used to watch “Holiday Town Parade” on BBC TV in the late 1950s, where body building competitions were judged by ex-Mr. Universe, Arnold Dyson. He had won the title in 1952, where unknown, Sean Connery, gained third place. In was 1960 I was tall and scrawny, with thin arms and legs. So I enrolled at Arnold Dyson’s gym in Liverpool where he gave me 12 personal lessons in weight lifting. For me, Arnold Dyson has always been the first Arnold before Arnold Schartzenegger – notwithstanding the fact that Arnold No. 2 has been a further inspirational force for me.

    My father, born in Belorussia, was a greengrocer. He would carry 50 kilo sacks of potatoes on his back. He used to say in a gruff voice “I am not a weight lifter. I am a lifter of weights”.

    So I owe my inner feeling of muscle development and fitness to five people: Firstly to George Hachenschmidt via Aunt Sybil, to my father Abe Tatarsky , then to Arnold Dyson and lastly to Arnold Schwartzenegger. However, I only managed to keep fit without great strength and muscle development. Maybe next time around.

    1. Greatest Physiques

      May 24, 2019 at 9:29 am

      Great inspirational and insightful story Ivri. Thank you for sharing something so full of history with us.

  2. Bhushan

    May 25, 2019 at 8:51 pm

    Good one, George Hackenschmidt was born in the year 1877, he never invented hack squats he popularised it. He mentioned in his book, the way to live. The original version of hack deep knee bend was holding a barbell behind back and going down as one can with heels elevated balancing on toes and coming up back.
    Till today in the steroids and protein powders era, no strong man can break his hack deep knee bend record with weights balancing on toes.

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